Post-partum metabolic diseases in cattle and buffalo: A review
Suryaprakash Pannu, Tapendra Kumar, Pratyush Kumar, Sandeep Dholpuria, Manisha Mehra and Maya Mehara
The periparturient period is when cows are most susceptible to infections and metabolic problems, therefore nutritional management throughout the dry season may have an impact. Increased body tissue mobilisation, decreased plasma glucose levels, and increased plasma concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and ketone bodies are all results of the endocrine changes and regulation that occur during calving. Immune competence and abnormal body mobilisation serve as fundamental rationals for metabolic and immune state and support the creation of markers for metabolic imbalance and the onset of diseases early on. The highest incidence of metabolic illnesses such milk fever, postpartum haemoglobinuria, and ketosis is connected with the transitional period between three weeks prepartum and three weeks postpartum. Metabolic blood profiles are frequently used to detect and signal metabolic disturbances and low productivity. Reduced milk production, an increased chance of delayed estrous, and lower conception rates are all symptoms of metabolic disorders.
How to cite this article:
Suryaprakash Pannu, Tapendra Kumar, Pratyush Kumar, Sandeep Dholpuria, Manisha Mehra and Maya Mehara. Post-partum metabolic diseases in cattle and buffalo: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(9S): 610-616.