Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland and it is a potent antioxidant with a wide range of uses in both people and animals, including poultry and cattle. Melatonin also has a significant impact on how animals' biological cycles are managed. Melatonin and scientific breeding management have a lot of promise to improve animal physiological processes, but there are still a lot of obstacles to overcome.
We outlined in this article the antioxidant properties of melatonin, its reproductive physiology, and its effect on ovarian function, Granulosa cell, oocytes, testicular function, spermatogenesis, and cryopreservation of semen. Melatonin can have a significant impact on cattle health and reproduction. It is reasonable to state that in the future, we hope to successfully and safely improve animal husbandry with the use of melatonin.