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Vol. 12, Special Issue 9 (2023)

Incidence of canine parvovirus in different breeds of dogs in Ludhiana during 2020-2021

Author(s):
Koppu Vasavi, Poloju Deepa, Kavitha Madineni, Sri Sai Charan Manchikanti, Mudasir M Rather, Bhavani Puvvala, Shilpa Balaji and Chandana MS
Abstract:
Canine Parvovirus (CPV) is a highly contagious and potentially fatal viral infection that primarily affects domestic dogs, particularly puppies and young adults. This research study aimed to investigate the incidence of Canine Parvovirus in various dog breeds residing in Ludhiana, India, during the period spanning 2020 to 2021. The prevalence of CPV in different breeds was assessed using a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based approach, offering both qualitative and quantitative insights into the virus's distribution and concentration within the canine population.
A total of 67 dogs from diverse breeds, ages, and backgrounds were enrolled in this study. Fecal samples were collected from each dog and subjected to PCR analysis to detect the presence of CPV DNA. Additionally, clinical data such as age, sex, vaccination status, and presenting symptoms were recorded for each dog to understand potential risk factors and clinical outcomes associated with CPV infection.
The results revealed an overall incidence rate of CPV infection in Ludhiana's dog population at 50% by PCR during the study period. Among the different breeds studied, German Shepherds, Labrador Retrievers, and Pomeranians exhibited the highest CPV prevalence rates, while other breeds displayed varying susceptibility. Age appeared to be a significant factor, with puppies and young dogs being more vulnerable to CPV infection. Unvaccinated dogs were also more susceptible to the virus, highlighting the importance of timely vaccination in preventing CPV outbreaks.
Pages: 1415-1421  |  171 Views  120 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Koppu Vasavi, Poloju Deepa, Kavitha Madineni, Sri Sai Charan Manchikanti, Mudasir M Rather, Bhavani Puvvala, Shilpa Balaji and Chandana MS. Incidence of canine parvovirus in different breeds of dogs in Ludhiana during 2020-2021. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(9S): 1415-1421.
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