Exploring artificial intelligence technique for detection of pigeon pea sterility mosaic disease
Pawar SY, Ghante PH, Hingole DG, Patil LP and Thomse SR
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp), a member of the Fabaceae family, is believed to have originated in India. It is an essential legume crop in the semi-arid tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa. Following chickpea, it ranks as the second most important pulse crop. Sterility Mosaic Disease (SMD) poses a significant constraint to pigeonpea cultivation in the Indian subcontinent. This disease occurs daily and, under favorable conditions, can spread rapidly, leading to epidemics and causing substantial losses in pigeonpea production. Artificial intelligence techniques, specifically visual detection through the use of pretrained Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architectures such as VGG16, can aid in managing and mitigating the impact of sterility mosaic disease. Real-time and early quantification of the disease can play a crucial role in disease management and assist farmers in making informed decisions. Accurate and convenient disease detection in plants can enable the development of timely treatment methods and significantly reduce economic losses. In the case of Pigeonpea, CNN architectures Pretrained with VGG16 were utilized to train classifiers using a dataset comprising infected and healthy leaves collected from actual field experiments. Among the Pretrained architectures tested, the experimental results demonstrated an average accuracy of 88% in estimating sterility mosaic disease in Pigeonpea crop.
How to cite this article:
Pawar SY, Ghante PH, Hingole DG, Patil LP and Thomse SR. Exploring artificial intelligence technique for detection of pigeon pea sterility mosaic disease. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(9S): 482-489.