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Vol. 12, Special Issue 8 (2023)

Effect of biotic and abiotic factors on productivity of groundnut

Author(s):
Priyanka Sahu, Dr. ML Sharma, Dr. PK Pandey and Twinkle Handa
Abstract:
This study was conducted on biotic and abiotic factors affecting the productivity of groundnut in Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh during the year 2021-2022. Groundnut productivity can be affected by a range of biotic and abiotic factors. Biotic factors refer to living organisms that can impact the growth and development of groundnut plants, while abiotic factors refer to non-living environmental factors that can affect groundnut productivity. However, it could be managed by adopting measures like, use of resistant cultivars, cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical. Total area of Raigarh is 16,800 ha, production of groundnut was 22,580 MT and productivity was 1344 kg/ha. For this study total of 120 groundnut growers were considered as respondents. Majority of the respondents (41.67 per cent) had a land area of 1.01ha to 2.00 ha area under groundnut cultivation followed by an area of up to 1.0 ha. By 38.33 per cent of respondents. The maximum productivity 12.1 to 14 q/ha. Was obtained by 65 per cent respondents. Yield gap analysis revealed that the difference between experimental yield and farmer’s yield and it was observed that the yield gap appeared to be higher than the difference between demonstration yield and farmer’s yield. Production losses were more due to hailstorms and weeds. Majority of farmers obtained 12-14 (q/ha.) of productivity in groundnut cultivation.
Pages: 1160-1163  |  88 Views  42 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Priyanka Sahu, Dr. ML Sharma, Dr. PK Pandey and Twinkle Handa. Effect of biotic and abiotic factors on productivity of groundnut. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(8S): 1160-1163.
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