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Vol. 12, Special Issue 8 (2023)

Small holder pig farming practices of rural livelihoods in Makdi block of Kondagaon district in Chhattisgarh

Author(s):
Dr. Upasana Verma, Dr. Smriti Shrawan, Dr. Chitralekha Deo, Dr. OP Dinani, Dr. AK Santra, Dr. Nishma Singh, Dr. Rupal Pathak, Dr. Vandana Bhagat, Dr. Sandhya Kasyap, Dr. Kiran Kashyap, Dr. Swarnalata Bara, Dr. Jaya Shastri and Dr. Priya Gajbhiye
Abstract:
1.7% of total livestock population in India is contributed by pigs with a population of 9.06 million (20th livestock census) [7]. Chhattisgarh holds a population of 5.26 lakhs with majority being the nondescript one. Pig farming is one of the indispensable components of livestock sector as pig is most efficient converter of feed. The present research was undertaken to discover the basic management habits viz. housing and breeding practices adopted by villagers was carried out using questionnaire in Makdi block of district Kondagaon, Chhattisgarh. The study indicated that the basic housing of temporary shelter is majorly consisting of wooden housing (80.83%). It was also observed that majority of villagers 90% uses mud floor for keeping their animal so as to avoid heating of floor during summer season. Separate shed was made neither for keeping sick and pregnant animal nor for mating pen as reported by respondents. Most of the farmers provided good light 70.83% and ventilation 86.66% in the pig sty. No farmers kept breeding records of the animals. The average litter size and average litter weight was found to be 5-7nos. (59.16%) and 3-5 kg (68.33%) respectively. The litter farrowed by sow was twice a year (80%) as informed by farmers. The pre weaning mortality was found in 75.83% of household.
Pages: 507-511  |  180 Views  102 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Upasana Verma, Dr. Smriti Shrawan, Dr. Chitralekha Deo, Dr. OP Dinani, Dr. AK Santra, Dr. Nishma Singh, Dr. Rupal Pathak, Dr. Vandana Bhagat, Dr. Sandhya Kasyap, Dr. Kiran Kashyap, Dr. Swarnalata Bara, Dr. Jaya Shastri and Dr. Priya Gajbhiye. Small holder pig farming practices of rural livelihoods in Makdi block of Kondagaon district in Chhattisgarh. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(8S): 507-511.

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