The present comparative clinical study on repair coxofemoral joint luxation by closed reduction with Ehmer sling in 6 dogs and open reduction using Toggle pin technique in another 6 dogs which are presented for treatment at Department of Surgery and Radiology, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. The coxofemoral joint luxation in dogs were subjected to routine clinical, orthopaedic examination and radiographic examination for diagnosis. The clinical signs of lameness, sudden onset of pain, deformity, creptus, and limited or abnormal movement of the limbs.
Coxofemoral joint luxation were confirmed by two perpendicular l radiographic views, lateral view of affected limb and Ventro-dorsal view of the Hip Joint. Radiography revealed 19 dog had craniodorsal luxation, 3 dogs ventral luxation, whereas Right side luxation in 8 dogs, left side luxation in 10 dogs and bilateral luxation in 2 dogs. Out of 20 dogs presented with coxomfemoral joint luxation, 6 dogs were selected for group I and treated with closed reduction applying ehmer sling as they are within 4 days of luxation. The other 6 dogs, in group II, not responded for closed reduction, were treated with Toggle pin (3.0 mm, 4.0 mm, 5.0 mm and 6.0mm) technique using polyester No. 5 non absorbable suture material in 6 dogs resulted in excellent stabilization.
Based on results it was concluded that in those dogs which are not responded to closed reduction, Open reduction using Toggle pin technique with polyester No.5 gives excellent stabilization and early limb function within 15 days post-surgery. Hence it is concluded that toggle pin technique is the gold standard for coxofemoral joint luxation in dogs.