Pesticide usage patterns and farmer awareness among Solanaceae crop farmers in Tiruchirappalli
Rubesh GS, Kalyanasundaram A, Ambethgar V, Senthil Kuppusamy and Mohanasundaram A
The cultivation of Solanaceae crops, including Brinjal, green chillies, and tomatoes, is prevalent in India. However, the excessive use of pesticides and the lack of farmer awareness about their risks pose significant concerns. This study aimed to investigate pesticide usage patterns, farmer knowledge, and the main insect pests affecting these crops in the Tiruchirappalli district of Tamil Nadu, India. A survey was conducted among 30 farmers, focusing on socio-economic factors, pest incidence, pesticide usage, and awareness. The findings revealed that farmers predominantly relied on synthetic chemical pesticides, with diamide insecticides being the most frequently used. However, farmers demonstrated limited knowledge about recommended pesticides, pesticide toxicity classification, safe handling practices, and the presence of pesticide residues in vegetables. Pest-wise, brinjal was primarily attacked by shoot and fruit borers, brown leaf hoppers, and hadda beetles, while green chillies faced challenges from chilli thrips and mites. Fruit borers, serpentine leaf miners, and striped mealybugs were prominent pests affecting tomato crops. The study emphasizes the need for awareness campaigns and training programs on integrated pest management to reduce pesticide usage and promote safer vegetable production practices. Future research should focus on field trials with less persistent pesticides and closely monitor their effectiveness. By addressing pesticide misuse and increasing farmer knowledge, sustainable and eco-friendly farming practices can be achieved, ensuring the well-being of both the environment and human health.
How to cite this article:
Rubesh GS, Kalyanasundaram A, Ambethgar V, Senthil Kuppusamy and Mohanasundaram A. Pesticide usage patterns and farmer awareness among Solanaceae crop farmers in Tiruchirappalli. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(7S): 2675-2680.