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Vol. 12, Special Issue 7 (2023)

Gastrointestinal parasitism: Prevalence and associated determinants in Osmanabadi goats of Chhattisgarh plains

Author(s):
Savita Bisen, S Pal, KR Baghel, IL Raj, PM Sonkusale and Deepti Kiran Barwa
Abstract:
Gastrointestinal (GI) parasitism in animals causing anaemia, emaciation, diarrhoea, oedema, and death is a major constraint to the development of livestock sector. The present study was carried out to ascertain prevalence of GI parasites in Osmanabadi goats of Durg district of Chhattisgarh. A total of 1003 faecal samples of Osmanabadi goats were collected and screened from November, 2021 to October, 2022 for detection of eggs of gastro-intestinal helminths and Oocysts of protozoa using floatation and sedimentation techniques. Out of 1003 samples, 892 (88.93%) were found positive for single or mixed infection of gastro-intestinal parasites. Among various infections, Strongyle was predominant (37.48%) followed by Coccidia (19.94%), amphistomes (10.97%), Trichuris (9.97%), Moniezia spp. (9.27%) and Strongyloides (1.30%). The percentage of goats that suffered from mixed infection was 66.50 in comparison to 22.43 of single infection The seasonal prevalence of infection was found to be significantly higher (p<0.01) in monsoon (92.44%) and lowest in winter (79.54) season. The infection percentage was significantly higher (p<0.05) in goat kids (93.10%) in comparison to adult goats (87.87%). On Coproculture, Haemonchus contortus was observed as the chief Strongyle while Oesophagostomum and Trichostrongylus followed subsequently. The study indicates that there is a high prevalence of GI parasites in Osmanabadi goats of plain region of Chhattisgarh especially in monsoon season that necessitates development and implementation of suitable control measures.
Pages: 2753-2757  |  175 Views  104 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Savita Bisen, S Pal, KR Baghel, IL Raj, PM Sonkusale and Deepti Kiran Barwa. Gastrointestinal parasitism: Prevalence and associated determinants in Osmanabadi goats of Chhattisgarh plains. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(7S): 2753-2757.
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