Introduction of turmeric (Curcuma longa) high yielding cultivar IISR Prathibha in Mysore district of Karnataka, India
Dr. Vinay GM, Divya HV, Dr. Prasad YP and Rajanna JG
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is one of the important spice crops grown for fresh and processing purpose all over the India, due to its wider adaptability under various agro-climatic conditions, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of the Mysuru district of Karnataka state. The present study was carried out at Nanjungud Taluk of Karnataka district during 2021 and 2022. Varietal replacement was conducted on Turmeric by the active participation of the farmers with the objective of improved technologies of Turmeric production potential. The improved technologies consist improved variety (IISR Prathibha), balanced fertilizers application and integrated pest and disease management, etc. The development of the agriculture is primarily depends on the application of the scientific technologies by making the best use of available resources. One of the major constraints of traditional turmeric farming is low productivity because of non-adoption of advanced technologies like improved varieties. To increase the production, productivity and quality of agricultural produce, varietal replacement is being conducted at various farmers field. Result of the present study revealed the higher average yield in the varietal replacement demonstration was recorded (23.0 t/ha) as compared to farmers practice (16.25 t/ha) traditional adopted by the farmers. The percentage increase in the yield over farmer’s was 28.26 recorded. The technology gap and extension gap were computed 16.20 and 6.75 t/ha respectively, along with 41.32 percent of technology index. The varietal replacement demonstration field gave higher average net return Rs. 2,76,150 and B:C ratio is 1:2.50. The result of the study indicated the gap existed in the potential yield and demonstration yield is due to soil fertility and weather conditions. Present results clearly show that the yield and economics of turmeric can be boost up by adopting recommended technologies.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Vinay GM, Divya HV, Dr. Prasad YP and Rajanna JG. Introduction of turmeric (Curcuma longa) high yielding cultivar IISR Prathibha in Mysore district of Karnataka, India. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(7S): 1413-1416.