Colonoscopic diagnosis and management of colitis in a dog
V Kalaiyarasan, G Senthil Kumar, D Sumathi, R Ruthrakumar and R Ravi
Colitis refers to the inflammation of colon mucosa resulting in inflammatory bowel disease which affects large intestine. One of the most efficient and appropriate tool in examination of large intestine is colonoscopy. A 3 years old female intact German Shepherd dog weighing about 20 Kgs presented to Small Animal Medicine Unit, VCC, VCRI, Namakkal with the history of inappetence and straining while defecation with raw blood in faeces for the past 2 weeks. On Clinical examination and abdominal palpation animal evinced pain. Digital rectal examination showed thickened mucosal wall and scanty faeces with blood and mucous. Haematological examination revealed leukocytosis with neutrophilia. Abdominal radiography showed gas-filled intestinal loops. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed thickened intestinal loops. Contrast radiography with barium meal revealed no radiolucent foreign body. Colonoscopic examination showed hyperemic, ulcerated and thickened mucosal wall. The dog was treated with Tablet. Mesalazine and Prednisolone which resulted in the uneventful recovery of the animal.
How to cite this article:
V Kalaiyarasan, G Senthil Kumar, D Sumathi, R Ruthrakumar and R Ravi. Colonoscopic diagnosis and management of colitis in a dog. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(7S): 1093-1095.