Ultrasonographic and radiographic evaluation of bacterial lower urinary tract infection (Cystitis) in geriatric dogs
Jupaka Shashank, K Satish Kumar, VVV Amruth Kumar, B Anil Kumar and M Lakshman
The present study was carried out to investigate ultrasonographic and radiographic findings in bacterial lower bacterial urinary tract infection of geriatric dogs. The total number of adult dogs (>6 years) brought to the medicine outpatient ward of Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science., Rajendranagar with various medical problems during the study period (January 2021 to April 2022) was 7280. Out of these total adult dogs, 620 were geriatric, and out of which, 184 dogs that were showing the clinical signs indicative of bacterial lower urinary tract infection (Cystitis), such as haematuria, pollakiuria, stranguria, dysuria, periuria, abdominal pain, foul smelling urine, depression, loss of appetite and anuria etc., were taken up for detailed study. 134 geriatric dogs that were diagnosed with bacterial lower urinary tract infection (Cystitis) included for study. The ultrasonographic and radiographic changes recorded in bacterial lower urinary tract infection recognize a high degree of specificity in accordance with the type and degree of the medical condition. Ultrasonographic changes in the urinary bladder of dogs which had positive cultures included, thickened urinary bladder wall, sediments on the floor of bladder, echogenic swirls within the bladder and two dogs showed ovoid nodular mass with short stalk in bladder. In the present study, thickness of distended urinary bladder wall was 3 mm to 18 mm in dogs with BLUTI. In dogs with polypoid cystitis, pneumocystography revealed irregular filling defects which are protruding from thickened bladder wall towards the centre of urinary bladder.
How to cite this article:
Jupaka Shashank, K Satish Kumar, VVV Amruth Kumar, B Anil Kumar and M Lakshman. Ultrasonographic and radiographic evaluation of bacterial lower urinary tract infection (Cystitis) in geriatric dogs. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(7S): 394-398.