Socio economic profile of the farmers of the district Fatehgarh Sahib and Rupnagar
Gurshaminder Singh, Samiha Nawrin Bhuyan, Aniket Hansraj and Rishabh Raj
The study purpose is to know the condition of farmer at a ground level in agricultural context. This study is done under RAWE programme which was conducted by Department of University Institute of Agriculture Science (UIAS) Chandigarh University Mohali Punjab, between August 2023 and September 2023. The study was on the socio-economic profile the of farmers in the six different village i.e Chhoti Mandauli, Rattangarh, Ramgarh Manda Bhadwali, Bhateri and Bari Mandauli of the two districts i.e Fatehgarh Sahib and Rupnagar of Punjab, India. The data of the farmers were collected by the personal interview or face to face interview in their respective homes or fields with the help of a well prepared questionnaire. The questionnaire included 3 section, socio economic profile agronomic practices and plant protection. The sample size was 150 farmers. The study disclosed the socio economic profile of the farmers based on the education level, age, family composition and size, caste social participation, occupation, land holdings, etc. Majority of the respondent were between the age of 36 to 70 and the majority studied till class 10th and belong to the general or OBC category. Both male and female participants possessed over two decades of farming experience. They engaged in agriculture as their primary occupation and reported a moderate annual income ranging up to 5-6 lakh. The majority of the land was owned by the male head of the family. The maximum respondent had their land holding in lease. Hence a unique shift has been observed that the younger generation of the village has ventured abroad. As a generation moving the land has been fragmented and this seems to major concern. Youth participation is less. To do farming as a business purpose mind strategy, Passion, Interest and soon this make a farming a more profitable sector. Through this practices it could make farmer life filled with prosperity.
How to cite this article:
Gurshaminder Singh, Samiha Nawrin Bhuyan, Aniket Hansraj and Rishabh Raj. Socio economic profile of the farmers of the district Fatehgarh Sahib and Rupnagar. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(12S): 27-32.