To study the level of knowledge and adoption of integrated pest management on gram in rice based cropping system in Chhattisgarh plains
Mahendra Kumar Chaturvedi, Prashant Kumar Pandey and Eshant Kumar Sukdeve
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for over 80 Percent of the population in the Chhattisgarh state. The livelihood of these people largely depends on rice, maize and lathyrus. However, productivity of their farm produce is relatively low due to lack of technical know-how such as excessive use of pesticides on their farms. In this present study two irrigated districts namely Janjgir-Champa and Dhamtari and two rainfed districts namely Korba and Mahasamund in Chhattisgarh Plains. Form the each of the selected districts two representative blocks namely Kurud and Dhamtari from Dhamtari district and Janjgir and Champa form Janjgir-Champa district were selected purposively. Similarly, two blocks Pali and Katghora from Korba district and Mahasamund and Bagbhra from Mahasamund district were selected. From each selected block two representative villages were selected randomly. Therefore 8 irrigated and 8 rainfed villages were considered for the study. Total 16 villages were selected. From each selected village 20 representative farmers were selected randomly. In this way a total of 160 (20X8) farmers from irrigated and 160 (20X8) farmers from rainfed area were selected. Thus total 320 farmers were considered as respondents for the present study. Most of respondents (75.0%) had knowledge about use of NPK as basal dose as well as other cultural and mechanical insect control measures were well known by the respondents whereas 79.37 Percent respondents had knowledge of biological control. It has been observed that the 68.78 Percent respondents had well-versed for use of chemical insecticide that is monocrotophos against pod borer. As for adoption as of IPM in gram is concerned respondents were adopting IPM techniques particularly cultural practices ranging from 90-100 percent. Whereas controlling the hairy caterpillar and grass butterfly through organophosphate only 58.12 Percent respondents had adopted this technique 79.37 Percent respondents had adopted to use the neem oil to control the leaf hopper in gram.
How to cite this article:
Mahendra Kumar Chaturvedi, Prashant Kumar Pandey and Eshant Kumar Sukdeve. To study the level of knowledge and adoption of integrated pest management on gram in rice based cropping system in Chhattisgarh plains. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2023; 12(11S): 2037-2040.