Epidemiological studies on gastrointestinal helminths of horses of Udaipur Rajasthan
Shyoji Ram Nagar, Sanweer Khatoon, Hakim Manzer Alam, Kamal Purohit, Jitendar Kumar and Anuj Kumar Dixit
The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths in the horse population of the Udaipur (Rajasthan) India. A total 175 clinical manifested horses were examined and 54 horses were found positive for gastrointestinal helminthes infection by examined coproscopically in Udaipur. Animal details such as age, breed and sex were collected for all study horses and analysed for risk of infection. The overall prevalence of GI parasites in horses in the present study was recorded to be 30.85%. Among various GI helminthes infections reported in the present study, Strongyles spp. (48.14%) were the most prevalent gastrointestinal helminthes followed by Parascaris equorum (16.66%), Mixed (14.81%), Trichuris (9.25%), Amphistome (7.4%) and Oxyuris equi (3.7%). In horses month wise analysis revealed significant difference (p<0.05) and was found that highest prevalence rate was observed in the month of July (57.89%) and lowest in the month of October (11.53%). The highest seasonal prevalence was (42.46%) in Monsoon followed by (32.39%) in Summer and lowest (12%) in winter season. The age wise prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes was 33.33% in 5-8 years, 31.25% in >8 years and 25.53% in 1-4 years. The sex wise prevalence highest prevalence (37.77%) in female and lowest (23.52%) in male was observed. In the Farming system wise highest prevalence (34.44%) was in loose farming and lowest (23.52%) in conventional farming i.e. well managed farms (27.05%) and the breed wise prevalence highest in (41.42%) in Marwari followed by Kathiawari (27.5%) and lowest (21.53%) in nondescript (Sindhi, Thorough breed, etc.).
How to cite this article:
Shyoji Ram Nagar, Sanweer Khatoon, Hakim Manzer Alam, Kamal Purohit, Jitendar Kumar and Anuj Kumar Dixit. Epidemiological studies on gastrointestinal helminths of horses of Udaipur Rajasthan. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(9S): 82-86.