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Vol. 11, Special Issue 7 (2022)

Evaluation of hydration status in Tharparkar cows during varying ambiences from arid tract of Rajasthan

Abhishek Kain, Sunil Arora and Nalini Kataria
Present investigation assessed the hydration status through evaluation of osmolality and tonicity of plasma in Tharparkar cows from arid tracts of Rajasthan. Apparently healthy 180 Tharparkar cows were screened to collect blood samples from private dairies located in and around Bikaner district, Rajasthan. The blood samples were collected during moderate ambience (October-November), dry-hot ambience (May and June) and humid-hot ambience (July-August). The mean value obtained during moderate ambience was considered as control for the purpose of comparison from the mean values obtained during dry-hot and humid-hot ambiences.
Cows in each ambience were broadly divided into group A and group B according to physiological states. Animals of group A included non-pregnant milch; pregnant milch and pregnant dry cows. Animals of group B were classified according to parity and included primipara and multipara cows. Changes in osmolality and tonicity were higher during humid-hot as compared to dry-hot. This exhibited that hydration status was affected to a greater extent during humid-hot. Per cent variations were higher in plasma osmolality as compared to tonicity. Pregnant dry and multipara animals showed highest values of osmolality and tonicity comparatively. It was observed that different ambiences have varied effect on body hydration status. Along with that the physical states also influence the plasma tonicity and osmolality. It can be recommended that water intake of the animals should be strictly monitored during dry-hot and humid-hot.
Pages: 1016-1019  |  182 Views  55 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Abhishek Kain, Sunil Arora and Nalini Kataria. Evaluation of hydration status in Tharparkar cows during varying ambiences from arid tract of Rajasthan. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(7S): 1016-1019.

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