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Vol. 11, Special Issue 7 (2022)

Canine obesity-prevalence, risk factors and management: A review

Author(s):
Yogendra Kumar Meena, Sitaram Gupta, Nazeer Mohammed, Budhi Parkash Meena, Mahendra Kumar Meena, Devendra, Yogesh Meena and Sagar Kumar Meena
Abstract:
The canine obesity is a prevalent medical condition in dogs caused by the excess accumulation of fat with negative effects on quality of life, longevity and the risk of developing associated pathologies. Recent studies from several countries have indicated that between 15% to 65% of dogs are overweight or obese. Breed, age, gender, feeding type, neutering, housing, owner awareness, pet-owner relationship and environment all of these identified as potential risk factors for the development of obesity in dog. Obesity causes significant alteration in metabolic and hormonal parameters in dog, and predispose to conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, respiratory distress, dermatological disorders, exercise intolerance, lameness and endocrinal diseases like diabetes mellitus and hypothyroidism. The dog obesity prevents by regular exercise and dietary management. The high fiber and low protein diet good for management of dog fobesity. This review paper uses recent scientific literature to discuss various aspects of canine obesity, including its prevalence, risk factors and management in dog.
Pages: 662-667  |  605 Views  394 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Yogendra Kumar Meena, Sitaram Gupta, Nazeer Mohammed, Budhi Parkash Meena, Mahendra Kumar Meena, Devendra, Yogesh Meena and Sagar Kumar Meena. Canine obesity-prevalence, risk factors and management: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(7S): 662-667.

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