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Vol. 11, Special Issue 6 (2022)

Fenugreek seeds: Nutritional composition and therapeutic properties

Author(s):
Umi Laila, Takhelmayum Albina, Sham Su Zuha and Hanna Tamang
Abstract:
Fenugreek is a medicinal herb that is mainly found in the natives of the Middle East and South Asia where it is not only used as a medicine but also as a spice. The seeds of fenugreek have various health promoting benefits due to their nutritional composition and bioactive compounds present in it. It has a decent amount of fiber and protein, and has a balanced nutritional profile. The seeds are also high in essential vitamins and mineral such as, magnesium, manganese, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B, riboflavin, thiamine, and niacin. Fenugreek seeds are a potential remedy for diabetes control and prevention. The seeds contain fiber and other phytochemicals like polyphenols, saponins and flavonoids that may slow down the digestion and the body’s absorption of glucose. Fenugreek seeds also contain anti-inflammatory qualities that aid in the relief of menstrual cramps and other menstrual-related issues. It also aids weight loss and controls cholesterol levels. This study paper is based upon the nutraceutical properties of fenugreek seeds, especially which could be beneficial for controlling the blood glucose levels. So, this study focuses on the hypoglycemic effects of fenugreek seeds in diabetic patients. Although different types of anti-diabetic or hypoglycemic drugs are available and most of them are beneficial in providing long-term glycaemic control, they are not free from some associated adverse side effects such as flatulence, cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, and gastrointestinal irritation. For the same reason, a phyto-medicine like fenugreek seeds, which is capable of treating the disease at early stages, but with fewer adverse effects and less expensive, will be of excellent help to the diabetic patients specially because of the extended belief that natural remedies cause less harm to the organism.
Pages: 2417-2425  |  863 Views  674 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Umi Laila, Takhelmayum Albina, Sham Su Zuha and Hanna Tamang. Fenugreek seeds: Nutritional composition and therapeutic properties. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(6S): 2417-2425.

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