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Vol. 11, Special Issue 6 (2022)

Fusarium wilt of tomato

Author(s):
Abhirath, Bhaswati Chakraborty, Anamika Roy and Patel Aditi Devendra Kumar
Abstract:
Tomato is regarded as one of the most important commercial crops. Tomato is commercially grown in various parts of India. But it has high disease infestation rate. This crop has higher chances of disease attack. The fungal diseases like Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f sp. lycopersici is one of the most important disease of tomato crop. This crop reduces the yield of tomato at a very high level. The pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f sp. lycopersici is a soil borne pathogen and can transmit through soil in tomato plants. This fungus firstly enters through the soil to the vascular plant tissues of roots and causes wilting of the plant and eventually causes the plant death. Drying of leaves, discoloration of lower leaves of plants and wilting of the plant are the major symptoms of Fusarium wilt. For the management of Fusarium wilting various resistant varieties of tomato should be used. The crop management practices like crop rotation, disinfection of tools and implements should be there, biological control, chemical control and cultural control should be opted. The proper management practices are very important for the control of Fusarium wilt in green house, glass house and field conditions. This review paper provides the complete information about the main diseases of tomato crop that is Fusarium wilt, its symptoms, cause of infection, life cycle of the pathogen and its preventive measures. The study of Fusarium wilt is very important mainly in the tomato crop because it causes great loss in the commercial production of tomato crop.
Pages: 744-748  |  1228 Views  1081 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Abhirath, Bhaswati Chakraborty, Anamika Roy and Patel Aditi Devendra Kumar. Fusarium wilt of tomato. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(6S): 744-748.

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