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Vol. 11, Special Issue 6 (2022)

Achievements and opportunities in integrating genomics for chickpea improvement: A review

Author(s):
Nidhi Sharma and Shiv Prakash Shrivastav
Abstract:
Recently, chickpeas have been improved via genetics and breeding. Faster chickpea improvement with modern breeding and genotyping methods It should considerably increase agricultural yields. Not surprisingly, conventional breeding has improved over 200 chickpea varieties. Rapid climate-resilient chickpea development requires new genetic resources and traditional breeding methods. Recent genomics tool and technology advancements have enabled sets of information for chickpea genotyping and sequencing on a big scale. Genomics-based breeding quality research reveals biological processes and genomes connected to Characteristics of breeding. Using genetics, several chickpea molecular breeding products have been created. It may be possible to generate superior chickpea varieties using functional omics, genomic sequence selection and forward breeding. Diagnostic markers for use in marker-assisted backcrossing programmes have been developed using genomic technology, resulting in many molecular breeding products in chickpea. A sequence-based holistic breeding method, which incorporates functional omics, parental selection, forward breeding, and genome-wide selection, is expected to result in a paradigm change in the generation of improved chickpea varieties. Genomics and molecular breeding must work together to close the gap between the genome and the phenome. Current developments in breeding population generation & screening are examined to improve selection efficiency and speed up Chickpea genetic improvement.
Pages: 36-39  |  40 Views  4 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Nidhi Sharma and Shiv Prakash Shrivastav. Achievements and opportunities in integrating genomics for chickpea improvement: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(6S): 36-39.
The Pharma Innovation Journal