Tea is an aromatic beverage generally prepared via pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis,
an evergreen shrub local to Asia. After water, it is the maximum consumed drink in the world. India is the second largest manufacturer of tea in the world after China. West Bengal is the second largest producer of tea in India contributing one fourth of India's tea productions. The tea industry in India annually produces about 1283 million kg of tea (2020-21).
India earns Rs. 5385 crores (US$692.1 million) every year from tea export. The basic aim of this paper is to highlight the conditions of tea garden labourers in Darjeeling Hills in the context of wide spread crisis in Tea Industry Sector in the country. At present there are approximately 276 tea estates in North Bengal, which employed about 6 lakh workers and it is expected that greater than 2.5 million people are dependent on the tea enterprise. The very destiny of tea gardens is greatly depending on tea people who spend most of their life in the tea gardens but, so to talk, they were residing in depressing condition from the very beginning of the establishment of tea gardens in India, The maximum ability labour force of tea enterprise is women workers, who constitute approximately 55% percent of total people.