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Vol. 11, Special Issue 5 (2022)

Promising role of micronutrient zinc in reducing the clinical severity in contagious ecthyma (ORF) affected sheep and goats

Author(s):
QU Nazir, IA Bhat, S Bashir, GN Sheikh, PA Dar and AA Dar
Abstract:
Contagious ecthyma (CE), known as Orf, a specific disease of sheep, goats and many other wild small ruminants is caused by a parapox virus of the family poxviridae. The disease mostly affects young animals 3-6 months of age, but older animals may also be affected. It is an economically important disease of sheep and goat raising countries and is worldwide in distribution. Clinically the disease is characterized by proliferative lesions on lips, mucosa of the mouth, nostrils, face, scrotum, teats and feet. Complications can arise due to secondary infections resulting in mortality.
A clinical trial for evaluating the therapeutic potential of topical application of zinc (zinc oxide paste) in reducing the clinical severity of ORF lesions was conducted. Young affected lambs (N=30) from a single outbreak in an organized farm (MRCSG, Shuhama Alusteng, SKUAST-K) were enrolled for the trial. Animals were divided into 3 groups of 10 each. The lesions were treated topically with zinc oxide paste, boric acid paste and combination of the two.
The mean number of days taken for recovery in group A (zinc oxide), B(boric acid) and C(zinc oxide + boric acid) were 11.70a ± 1.46, 17.90b ± 1.96 and 14.70ab ± 0.84 respectively. Besides no complication, or mortality was observed in group A. The results showed that zinc oxide was significantly (P<0.05) better compared to other treatment regimens, considering the number of days taken for clinical recovery, mortality observed and complications developed. The study concluded that zinc oxide offers a novel, viable and non-antimicrobial alternative in alleviating the severity of ORF lesions and a need to refine the existing farmers’ practice of using boro-glycerin.
Pages: 1236-1239  |  287 Views  111 Downloads
How to cite this article:
QU Nazir, IA Bhat, S Bashir, GN Sheikh, PA Dar and AA Dar. Promising role of micronutrient zinc in reducing the clinical severity in contagious ecthyma (ORF) affected sheep and goats. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(5S): 1236-1239.

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