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Vol. 11, Special Issue 4 (2022)

Assessment of knowledge, perception, and use of dietary supplements in gym-goers

Author(s):
Kriti Jain and Dr. Sarla Lakhawat
Abstract:
This research work was planned with objectives to assess the nutritional status of Gym-Goers, knowledge and use of dietary supplements among Gym-Goers and development of informative booklet on dietary supplements. The study delimited to the peoples of 2 age groups (20-30 and 30-40 years) who are engaged in gym activities from past three months and should be disease free. A sample size of 120 respondents 60 males and 60 females were selected from 7 gyms. A well- structured Questionnaire is prepared to check the knowledge of respondents about dietary supplements and their 24- hour dietary recall. Results of this study discloses that respondents in 20-30 years age group 46.66% (28) and 70% (42) in 30- 40 years of age group were going to gym for weight loss, 23.33% (14) in 20–30-year respondents were there for professional career and 30-40 years no one is interested in professional career. 76.66% (46) and 43.33% (26) respondents were taking dietary supplements in 20-30 and 30-40 years of age group respectively. In 20-30 years 63.33% (38) people were taking protein supplements and in 30-40 years 23.33% (14) were using protein supplements, 10% (6) and 20% (12) were taking multivitamins in 20-30 and 30-40 years of age group respectively no one is taking energy drink and 3.33% (2) people in 20-30 year were taking other health supplements like multimineral and hormone activator. As per knowledge of respondents 56.66% (34) and 35% (21) respondents says that supplement are effective to use in 20-30 and 30-40 years respectively. As per findings 50% (30) and28.33% (17) were feel that supplements have some sort of side effects in 20-30 and 30-40 years respectively like 36.66% (22) and 23.33% (14) were come acrossconstipation, 3.33% (2) and 3.33% (2) were having headache and hair loss in 20- 30 and 30-40 years respectively.According to results 70% (42) and 25%(15) were taking dietary supplements with the guidance of gym trainer in 20-30 and 30-40 years respectively and other 3.33%(2) and 8.33% (5) or 3.33% (2) and 10% (6)were taking supplements with guidance of nutritionist and social media respectively in 20-30 and 30-40 years of age group. According to the results of 24-hour dietary recall. Women in 20-30 years of age group were consuming more protein than required which is 125.12% of RDA and 81.24%, 89.48%, 77.93% of fat, energy and iron respectively which is less than RDA and 66.85% of calcium which is less than RDA. Men of 20-30 year of age group were consuming 140.14% of RDA which is more than RDA and 139.53%, 121.26%, 126.89% of fat, energy, iron respectively which is more than RDA and 71.61% of calcium which is less than RDA. Women of 30-40 year were consuming 83.39%,71.72% of protein, energy, iron respectively which is less than RDA and 103.32% which is more than RDA and 48.36% which is less than RDA of fat and calcium respectively. Men of 30-40 year were taking 126.25%, 122.53%, 120.05% of protein, fat, iron respectively which is more than RDA or 81.26% of calcium which is less than RDA with and 107.67% of energy which is more than RDA.
Pages: 1387-1393  |  1265 Views  1036 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Kriti Jain and Dr. Sarla Lakhawat. Assessment of knowledge, perception, and use of dietary supplements in gym-goers. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(4S): 1387-1393.

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