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Vol. 11, Special Issue 4 (2022)

Natural resource management for doubling farmer's income: An approach for optimization of crop planning in humid Southern plain zone of Rajasthan state (India)

Author(s):
MK Jangid, VK Boyal, Latika Sharma, HK Jain, MB Nikam and DC Pant
Abstract:
The present study was undertaken to estimate the natural resource management for doubling the farmer’s income through the optimization of crop panning approach in the Humid Southern Plain Zone of Rajasthan state. In this study, a cluster-based cost of cultivation data of various crops for the triennium ending year 2013-14 were collected from “Comprehensive Scheme to Study the Cost of Cultivation of Principal Crops in Rajasthan state” MPUAT, Udaipur (Rajasthan). The economic performance of various crops was estimated by analyzing the net returns based on existing market prices, economic prices and natural resource valuation. This research analysis considered the subsidy as a cost to society. Similarly, green-house gas emissions from the crops have been taken as the cost to the society and nitrogen fixation by leguminous crops have been taken as beneficial returns to the society. Major findings from the research study shown that the soybean – rapeseed and mustard crop sequence were produced the highest net return of ₹60123 per hectare followed by soybean – wheat (₹58973/ha), lentil – rapeseed and mustard (₹58541/ha), lentil – wheat (₹57391/ha) in the Humid Southern Plain Zone of Rajasthan state. Under optimum allocation of crop area, more area allocated to maize, soybean and cotton in kharif season and wheat, gram and rapeseed and mustard in rabi season was suggested to enhancing the farmers income with sustainable use of available ground water. The optimum plans developed in the study suggested that state government as well as district administration/agriculture department should promote cultivation of specific crops in this zone through providing the more incentives or subsidies on inputs like seed, fertilizers, agricultural implements, irrigation facilities, etc. More water intensive but remunerative crops like cotton, soybean, paddy and sugarcane should be promoted where surface water resources are available.
Pages: 528-534  |  255 Views  66 Downloads
How to cite this article:
MK Jangid, VK Boyal, Latika Sharma, HK Jain, MB Nikam and DC Pant. Natural resource management for doubling farmer's income: An approach for optimization of crop planning in humid Southern plain zone of Rajasthan state (India). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(4S): 528-534.

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