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Vol. 11, Special Issue 4 (2022)

Clinical studies and Therapuetic management of various affections of udder and teat in goats

Author(s):
Aaquib Hussain Paray, Jignesh Parmar, Arnold Mecvan, Prashant Dabhi and Aditya Shah
Abstract:
Over all incidence of udder and teat affection were 66.67% (n=78) and 33.33% (n=30), respectively out of total 108 cases. Among the udder affections viz. mastitis was highest 38.46% followed by fibrosis of udder 11.11%, gangrenous mastitis 10.26%, oedema of udder 3.42%, equally wounds on udder and udder abscess 1.71%. While the teat affection, teat fistula was highest 16.67%, followed by teat obstruction 10.00%, equally growth on teat and teat laceration 3.33%. The age wise distribution of various affections 29.81%, of udder 26.49% and teat 13.33% in goats higher in 2-3 year age group followed by other age groups. The changes in physiological and haematological parameters at day ’0’ and 5th were also noted. The bacteriological isolates and antibiotics sensitivity revealed Staphylococcus Spp. (29.41%) were found sensitive to Enrofloxacin (75%), the mixed infection of Staphylococcus Spp. and Streptococcus Spp. (17.64%) to Enrofloxacin, Gentamicin and Amikacin (66.66%, each). Pseudomonas Spp. (11.76%,) to Gentamicin (100%), Escherichia coli (11.76%) and Klebsilla Spp. (5.88%) to Enrofloxacin and Gentamicin (100%, each) and the Bacillus cereus (5.88%) to all antibiotics (100%) except Streptomycin and Ceftriaxone. Cases of mastitis treated according to antibiotic sensitivity test, udder flushed with 1% povidone iodine. Fibrosis of udders were treated with oral proteolytic enzyme preparations, intraparanchymal prednisone 1-2 ml, flushing of teat with diluted povidine iodine twice a day. Udder oedema treated with diuretic, antibiotics and corticosteroid along with application of ice packs. Surgical affection of udder managed by radical mastectomy by two techniques: in first technique (n=2) in which major blood vessels were first identified and double ligated, followed by conventional mastectomy. In second technique (n=2) conventional mastectomy was done. The technique one was advantageous by less duration of surgery, minimal bleeding and less chances of contamination. The teat obstructions managed by removal of obstructions and baby feeding tube were inserted for 3 days. The teat fistula repaired by three tier technique. The histopathological of tumours in two cases revealed myxomatosis and papilloma.
Pages: 195-201  |  532 Views  330 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Aaquib Hussain Paray, Jignesh Parmar, Arnold Mecvan, Prashant Dabhi and Aditya Shah. Clinical studies and Therapuetic management of various affections of udder and teat in goats. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(4S): 195-201.

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