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Vol. 11, Special Issue 3 (2022)

Hillocks are being greened as part of the watershed Kurnool IWMP project in Andhra Pradesh

Author(s):
PVRM Reddy, B Janardhan Reddy, BV Ramana Kumar and R Jhansi Rani
Abstract:
Soil erosion was halted and carbon sinks were created by planting fodder, fruit, and drought-tolerant biomass species in highland steep areas and protecting natural regeneration. Enhanced vegetative cover is being developed as a horticulture block planting site and another side of the hilltop as fodder land, resulting in improved nutritional security for villagers and livestock, as well as increased money for GPs from fruit harvesting. Greening of hillocks was undertaken in Kurnool Batch-IV watershed projects, which is a severely drought-affected area. The average yearly precipitation is 550 millimetres. This activity resulted in an increase in vegetation cover on the hilltop region, with a survival rate of more than 80%. It was decided to combine NREGA in and IWMP greening hillock effort. Seedlings of neem, custard apple, and other woody plants are planted on the mounds of dug staggered trenches down the slope, following the ridge to valley concept. It is critical to comprehend the effects of vegetation before performing hilltop greening to increase water resources and soil erosion control. Upstream areas/ridges are given priority in watershed initiatives for water harvesting structures and vegetation. Planting trees has been linked to a higher rate of evapotranspiration, according to studies. While improving ground water and soil moisture, issues like drought resistance, economic value, and ecological impact must be addressed while selecting plants along trench bunds. Trenches run the length of the slope and serve as drainage lines and water gathering structures.
Pages: 1673-1678  |  344 Views  121 Downloads
How to cite this article:
PVRM Reddy, B Janardhan Reddy, BV Ramana Kumar and R Jhansi Rani. Hillocks are being greened as part of the watershed Kurnool IWMP project in Andhra Pradesh. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(3S): 1673-1678.

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