Conglomeration of farmers’ varieties of rice in Madhya Pradesh using DUS guideline by PPV&FR
Pradeep Kumawat, Lokesh Gour, GK Koutu, Sanjay Singh and Vinay V
High yield potential rice varieties are not fit for daily consumption as compare to farmers’ varieties. Farmer’s varieties are also important source of genes for various biotic and abiotic stress resistance mechanism and quality traits. In the light of above information, an experiment was conducted on 70 farmers’ varieties at College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Jabalpur. The aim of the experiment was to systemic study and characterization of farmers’ varieties based on twenty six morphological traits. Most of the traits were polymorphic except presence of leaf auricles, presence of leaf collar, presence of leaf ligule, shape of ligule and presence of secondary branching. Purple ligules and intensity of leaf sheath anthocyanin coloration was found very strong in only a variety i.e., Luchai-3. Similarly, a single line ‘Jarga’ showed yellowish brown awn and another single line ’Nawari-2’ showed reddish brown awn. According to DUS guideline some of qualitative characters are considered as candidate traits or morphological markers which are used as important tool in varietal identification process, can be utilized for further candidate variety development also. The line namely ‘Dharudhan’ showed horizontal type of flag leaf attitude of blade, this characteristics are rarely modified by the environment so crop breeders usually selectively breed for an horizontal type of flag leaf attitude of blade, for reasons of maximizing crop grain production and harvest. This investigation will be useful for breeders, researchers and farmers for further use in varietal improvement to meet demands of beneficial genes.
How to cite this article:
Pradeep Kumawat, Lokesh Gour, GK Koutu, Sanjay Singh and Vinay V. Conglomeration of farmers’ varieties of rice in Madhya Pradesh using DUS guideline by PPV&FR. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(2S): 101-108.