Effect of wet processing on chemical characterization of sugarcane bagasse
Dilowar Hussain, Satvinder Kaur, Rickey Rani Boruah, Smita Bhuyan, Momita Konwar and Sulekha Doley
The present study was carried out to investigate the possibility of utilizing sugarcane fibre for developing diversified products. The chemical extraction of Sugarcane fibres was done and the effect of wet processing such as scouring and bleaching on the extracted fibres was observed. Chemical constituents of Sugarcane Bagasse fibre were characterised for their ash, lignin, fat and wax, cellulose, hemi-cellulose, moisture content. The percentages of chemical constituent found out were highest in raw sugarcane fibre and lowest was recorded in bleached sugarcane fibre. The solubility percentages in different solvents (cold water, hot water and dilute alkali) were also characterized. Furthermore, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Infra-red (IR) Spectroscopy were characterised. The Infra-Red spectrum and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) test depicted the removal of non cellulosic material from fibres after wet processing treatment.The effect of wet processing treatment was clearly seen on the extracted sugarcane fibres. After scouring and bleaching, fibres became smooth and fine with lesser diameter and lesser wall thickness. The surface appearance of raw, scoured and bleached sugarcane fibres were observed under Scanning Electron Microscope. Presence of gummy substance was clear in the SEM image of raw sugarcane fibre. After scouring and bleaching the fibre appeared as cylindrical with smooth thin outer wall.
How to cite this article:
Dilowar Hussain, Satvinder Kaur, Rickey Rani Boruah, Smita Bhuyan, Momita Konwar and Sulekha Doley. Effect of wet processing on chemical characterization of sugarcane bagasse. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022; 11(10S): 26-31.