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Vol. 10, Special Issue 9 (2021)

Cost, returns and resource use efficiency in Jalgaon brinjal production in Jalgaon district of Maharashtra

Author(s):
Heena Tadavi and Dr. HR Shinde
Abstract:
The study viz. “Economics of production and marketing of Jalgaon Brinjal in Jalgaon district of Maharashtra” was conducted in six villages of Yawal and Bhusawal tehsil of Jalgaon district. The objective of the study was to estimate the resource use, cost returns and productivity of brinjal. The study was based on the primary data of brinjal growers for the year 2018-19, spread over the six randomly selected villages of two tehsils. From each selected village, 15 growers, 5 from each size group viz. small, medium and large were randomly selected.
Thus the total sample consisted of 30 farmers each of small, medium and large size groups, the average per hectare use of resources such as human labour, bullock labour, machine power, seeds and manure was 592.22 man-days, 11.70 pair days, 2.25 hours, 1.43 kg and 31.18 tonnes respectively. The average use of fertilizers was 286.75 kg nitrogen 391.26 kg Phosphorus and 387.91 kg potash per hectare at all level. Per hectare cost cultivation of brinjal was estimated to ₹ 439518.49. Among the items of total cost, the rental value of land, human labour, bullock labour, manure, PPC, etc. were the major items of cost in the total cost of cultivation of brinjal. The cost 'A' and cost 'B' were ₹ 235159.04 and ₹ 426659.67 respectively. The average production of 225.99 quintal per hectare of produce was obtained from Jalgaon brinjal. The gross returns of obtained were ₹ 1016970.00 at the overall level with B:C ratio was 2.31 and profit at cost ‘C’ ₹ 577451.5. Regression coefficient of manure, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potash and irrigation cost were positive and significant while male labour, female labour were positive but non-significant. Plant protection cost was negatively significant. At overall level, there was a large variation amongst farmers. The coefficient of multiple determination (R2) was 0.94. The MVP to MFC ratio was found to be highest in Irrigation (86.70), followed by Nitrogen (33.47), Phosphorus (10.33), Potassium (5.12), Female labour (1.58), Manure (1.47) and Male labour (0.14).
Pages: 229-235  |  508 Views  227 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Heena Tadavi and Dr. HR Shinde. Cost, returns and resource use efficiency in Jalgaon brinjal production in Jalgaon district of Maharashtra. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(9S): 229-235.

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