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Vol. 10, Special Issue 8 (2021)

Characterization of practices for livelihood assessment in region: A case study of district Jammu

Author(s):
Sunil Kumar, AL Meena, Chethan Kumar G, LK Meena, P Punia, Poonam Kashyap, Raghvendra KJ, AS Panwar and Vijay Khajuria
Abstract:
The study was conducted to identify the present status of existing practices and its impacts on farmer’s livelihood by comparing organic, inorganic and integrated farming in Jammu region. Three stage sampling procedure was followed and a total of 120 farmers (40 organic, farming, 40 inorganic and 40 integrated farming) were selected from the study area of Jammu district on the basis of having interventions from the different SKUATS institutes. Descriptive statistics were derived and calculated for analyzing the socio-economic data. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied with kernel matching and radius matching methods to assess the impact of organic, inorganic and integrated farming on farmer’s employment creation and income generation. The result of baseline survey showed that out of 12 sample farmers: less than 0.02 ha of cultivated land are landless (15%), marginal (18%) small (44%) medium (14%) and large (09%) were present. The highest employment duration for male was 152.5 man days/year for farming system C-L-P-H under integrated farms and 125.5 and 104.5 man days /years for organic and inorganic farms respectively. The higher returns from pulse-mustard-wheat the cropping system with B:C ratio 2.03 and rice-maize-vegetable was 1.97. Average calorie intake of food secure households was 2910kcal, 2793 kcal and 2854 kcal for organic, inorganic and integrated farming. To assess the livelihood pattern through asset pentagon approach, net worthy improvement was derived based on different capitals of farm households practicing integrated farming in comparison to organic and inorganic farming. Finally a constraints facing index was calculated based on different problems faced by the farmers in order to suggest policy recommendation.
Pages: 800-805  |  305 Views  72 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sunil Kumar, AL Meena, Chethan Kumar G, LK Meena, P Punia, Poonam Kashyap, Raghvendra KJ, AS Panwar and Vijay Khajuria. Characterization of practices for livelihood assessment in region: A case study of district Jammu. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(8S): 800-805.

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