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Vol. 10, Special Issue 7 (2021)

To analyze costs and return from maize for different farm size categories in the northern hills of Chhattisgarh

Author(s):
Umesh Jaiswal, Hulash Pathak and AK Koshta
Abstract:
Scientific study of any problem requires a systematic investigation using appropriate method and procedures in order to arrive at reliable, unbiased and practical conclusion Chhattisgarh state consisted of three agro climatic sub-zones i.e. Chhattisgarh plains, Northern hills and Bastar plateau. From these sub-zones Northern hills was selected purposively because of larger cultivated area under maize in zone. Therefore Northern hills will be selected for the study. Northern hills consist 5 districts. Two district from Northern hills i.e. Surajpur district and another one Balrampur district were selected purposively for the study. The primary data were collected by the survey of sampled collectors through personal interview method with the help of well pretested and structured schedules for the year 2019-20. The cost of cultivation of maize is essential to understand that how much cost incurred for different inputs and whether farmers are receiving the enough profit or not. It is therefore, It reveals that is costs and return of maize cultivation was estimated in ₹/ha, which is given in the Total cost of cultivation of maize of sampled farms was ₹ 32563.10 per hectare in which the share of total variable cost was 65.17 per cent followed by fixed cost 34.63 per cent. The total cost of cultivation of sugarcane was increasing with respect to farm size and was found maximum under large farms being ₹ 41797.10 per hectare and minimum in marginal farms being ₹ 27775.30 per hectare. It is important to note that total variable cost was increasing with respect to the farm size. Thus, it could be concluded that total cost of cultivation of maize in study area was increasing with respect to farm size holding because large farmers could incurred more expenditure on the material inputs.
Pages: 793-797  |  296 Views  57 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Umesh Jaiswal, Hulash Pathak and AK Koshta. To analyze costs and return from maize for different farm size categories in the northern hills of Chhattisgarh. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(7S): 793-797.

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