Pesticides use in plant protection with respect to honeybees: A review
Sapna Devi, Diksha Devi and Sawraj Jit Singh
Honeybees are highly valued resource-insects that help in pollination, increasing fruit yield and also reduce fruit drop in many fruit crops. But in recent years, there has been a global decline in the honeybee population. Honeybees are exposed to different types of natural and artificial chemical substances such as pesticides during foraging. Over 98% of sprayed pesticides reach a destination other than their target species, including non-target species, air, water and soil. Compared to other insects, honeybees are extremely sensitive to pesticides, due to a deficiency in the number of genes encoding detoxification enzymes. Most pesticides are applied as sprays, droplets and dust, from the applications can fall directly on the bees that fly across the treated fields. Typical clinical symptoms of acute insecticide poisoning include cramping, disoriented behaviour of bees, and abnormal wing movements. After the intoxication with neonicotinoids symptoms such anomalous behaviour of worker bees as rolling, was observed in 71.4% of the affected hives. In the present review, we will discuss about all the aspects related to pesticide poisoning in honeybees.
How to cite this article:
Sapna Devi, Diksha Devi and Sawraj Jit Singh. Pesticides use in plant protection with respect to honeybees: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(7S): 156-166.