Application of probiotics in aquaculture
Sagarika Swain, Hauzoukim, Subal Kumar Ghosh, Sarita Kumari Das and Anwesha Roy
Aquaculture is one of the world's fastest-growing sectors, with Asia accounting for about 90% of worldwide output. However, disease outbreaks in many countries in the Asia-Pacific region are restricted to the production of aquaculture, thereby affecting both the economic growth of the country and the socio-economic status of local citizens. Disease management in the aquaculture industry has been accomplished by using conventional techniques, synthetic chemicals and antibiotics in various ways. However, the use of such costly chemotherapeutants for disease control has been widely criticized for their negative effects, such as residue accumulation, development of drug resistance, immunosuppression and decreased consumer demand for antibiotic-treated aqua products, and conventional methods are ineffective in large aquaculture systems to control new diseases. As a result, alternate strategies for maintaining a stable microbial environment in aquaculture systems must be developed in order to sustain the health of farmed species. One of these methods is the use of probiotics, which is gaining popularity in the management of possible pathogens. This analysis summarizes the requirements for the selection, significance and future prospects of potential probiotics in the aquaculture industry.
How to cite this article:
Sagarika Swain, Hauzoukim, Subal Kumar Ghosh, Sarita Kumari Das and Anwesha Roy. Application of probiotics in aquaculture. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(7S): 146-149.