Buffaloes inherit certain genetic potentialities which could be fully utilized by proper feeding and management. Feeding cost account for over half of the total costs of milk production so proper and scientific feeding is of utmost importance for successful dairy operation. A well-balanced ratio of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals in a palatable and tasty feed is the best way of increasing milk production and live weight, as well as improving health and fertility.
The main purpose of buffalo farming is to transform feeds into milk. This conversion could be made more efficient and economic by applying the principles of nutrition which can further be augmented by superior breeding, good health and farm management.