Knowledge and adoption level of organic vegetable farmers in Haryana
Dr. Baskaur, Dr. Rashmi Tyagi and Dr. Vinod Kumari
The organic farming system employs a number of strategies for maintaining as well as improving land productivity. It is an integrated production system based on active agro ecosystem management rather than external input which includes both certified and uncertified food systems and the most important characteristics of organic farming is that it involves maximal but sustainable use of local resources, minimal use of purchased input, ensuring the basic biological functions of soil water nutrients humus continuum, maintaining a diversity of plant and animal species as a basis for ecological balance and economic stability, creating an attractive overall landscape which gives satisfaction to the local people and increasing crop and animal diversity in the form of polyculture, agroforestry systems, integrated crop/livestock systems, etc. to minimize risk. Organic agriculture systems are based on the three strongly interrelated principles under autonomous ecosystem management: mixed farming, crop rotation, and organic cycle optimization. Hence, organic farming has emerged as an important priority area globally hence, organic farming is a form of agriculture which excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides and plant growth regulators. The study was conducted in Karnal and Sirsa districts of Haryana to study the knowledge and adoption level of organic farming. The analysis of the data depicted that more than half of the respondents (58.33%) was belonged to 35-50 years age group. Regarding bio fertilizers are cheaper than chemical fertilizers 98.33 percent of the respondents again had full knowledge about it. Bio fertilizers are useful for all types of soils were reported by 95.00 percent of respondents who had full knowledge about it. Regarding the statement that bio fertilizers improve soil fertility 95.00 percent respondents had full knowledge about it followed by statement that bio fertilizers decrease the insect pest and disease was reported by 88.33 percent of respondents had full knowledge. Regarding the adoption of organic farming 61.66 percent respondents had full adoption about organic /solid waste management followed by 60.00 percent respondents who had full adoption about the statement that bio fertilizers are purchased from authorized source.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Baskaur, Dr. Rashmi Tyagi and Dr. Vinod Kumari. Knowledge and adoption level of organic vegetable farmers in Haryana. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(5S): 07-11.