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Vol. 10, Special Issue 4 (2021)

Production of biogas from different waste materials: A review

Author(s):
Vandana Bhagat, VN Khune, Rupal Pathak, Nishma Singh, Sourabh Yogi and Kiran Kashyap
Abstract:
This article is based on production of biogas from various feed stock and different waste. Anaerobic digestion process produces a gaseous product, called ‘biogas’ and it is a renewable form of energy, which is composed mostly of methane, carbon dioxide and other gases. Fixed dome, floating drum and plug flow digester are different types of digester. Biogas does not have any geographical limitations nor require advanced technology for the production of energy. Anaerobic digestion is suitable for India’s climate. Municipal and kitchen waste from Houses, hostels, canteens, etc., livestock waste material like dung, bedding material, leftover feed, palm oil mill waste product, crop and agriculture residue are used for biogas production. Biogas is convenient and valuable energy source which has high calorific value and also used for various purposes like fuel, manure. Biogas production is a microbial process in which organic waste is decomposes into valuable product like Gas and Slurry. In this way it is the most eco-friendly replacement for energy. This biogas production also performs the function of waste disposal system and it also prevents the potential source of environment and spreading pathogens and disease-causing bacteria.
Pages: 520-523  |  1347 Views  964 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Vandana Bhagat, VN Khune, Rupal Pathak, Nishma Singh, Sourabh Yogi and Kiran Kashyap. Production of biogas from different waste materials: A review. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(4S): 520-523.

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