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Vol. 10, Special Issue 12 (2021)

Coping mechanism to climate change among paddy growing farmers of Chhattisgarh Plains

Author(s):
OP Parganiha, VK Soni and NK Turray
Abstract:
The present investigation was an attempt to understand and document the coping mechanism to minimize the adverse effect of climate change among paddy growing farmers of Chhattisgarh Plains and to know what are the constraints being faced by them to adapt against these changes. This study was carried out in four randomly selected districts of Plain Zone of Chhattisgarh State. A total of 240 farmers from twenty four villages of eight blocks were considered as respondents. The findings of the study revealed that as a coping mechanism to excess rainfall at the time of sowing the majority of farmers delayed sowing dates and used short duration variety of paddy. On other hand they were opted late harvesting in case of excess rainfall at the time of maturity of crop. Majority of the farmers delayed sowing dates and increased seed rate of paddy as an adaptation/coping mechanism to deficit rainfall at the time of sowing. The major constraints to adapting to climate change faced by the respondents were lack of information about accurate weather forecast, irregularity of extension services and lack of knowledge about need based improved agriculture technologies with rank of I, II and III, respectively. To overcome the above constraints, the majority of the respondents suggested that weather forecast should be more accurate and timely, whereas, another suggestion were effective extension services should be available to the farmers and proper information should be provided about climate change which might be enable them to adapt against climate change.
Pages: 1465-1469  |  266 Views  81 Downloads
How to cite this article:
OP Parganiha, VK Soni and NK Turray. Coping mechanism to climate change among paddy growing farmers of Chhattisgarh Plains. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(12S): 1465-1469.

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