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Vol. 10, Special Issue 12 (2021)

Evaluation of Butorphanol-lidocaine-ketamine and fentanyl-lidocaine-ketamine constant rate infusion protocols for pain management in small animal orthopaedic patients

Author(s):
GV Ashok Kumar Reddy, S Ayyappan, H Pushkin Raj and L Nagarajan
Abstract:
Butorphanol-Lidocaine-Ketamine and Fentanyl-Lidocaine-Ketamine constant rate infusion (CRI) protocols for pain management in small animal orthopaedic patients have not been well-documented in the literature. The present study aimed to define the optimal dosage of these combinations for CRI in dogs for pain management and its effects on physiological body parameters.
Pages: 316-319  |  530 Views  185 Downloads
How to cite this article:
GV Ashok Kumar Reddy, S Ayyappan, H Pushkin Raj and L Nagarajan. Evaluation of Butorphanol-lidocaine-ketamine and fentanyl-lidocaine-ketamine constant rate infusion protocols for pain management in small animal orthopaedic patients. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(12S): 316-319. DOI: 10.22271/tpi.2021.v10.i12Se.9365

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