Treatment and disposal of textile effluents
Diksha Bisht, Nisha Arya, Shalini Rukhaya and Arpita Grover
The textile sector is one of the major contributors to the Indian economy because of its high percentage of total export. Large amount of water and various chemicals are utilized by the textile industry during their production process. It is also considered as one of the major contributors of environmental pollution due to the production of huge amount of waste which mainly consists of dye effluent, salts, chemicals and other suspended solids. Due to its high BOD value, untreated textile effluent can induce rapid dissolved oxygen depletion if released directly onto surface water sources. High alkalinity and traces of chromium which is employed in dyes adversely affect the aquatic life and also interfere with the biological treatment processes. The presence of heavy metals and chlorine in synthetic dyes may also have an impact on human health. As a result, wastewater effluent from textile mills must be treated before being discharged into any water body. Biological, chemical, and physicochemical treatment procedures are examples of treatment technologies. The physicochemical and biological characterization of such effluents can be used to determine their quality. Monitoring the wastewater's environmental parameters would enable for a detailed assessment of the effluent treatment plant's performance at any moment and if necessary, suitable adjustments could be implemented to avoid negative effects on the environment.
How to cite this article:
Diksha Bisht, Nisha Arya, Shalini Rukhaya and Arpita Grover. Treatment and disposal of textile effluents. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(12S): 105-112.