Toll Free Helpline (India): 1800 1234 070

Rest of World: +91-9810852116

Free Publication Certificate

Vol. 10, Special Issue 12 (2021)

A review on pulmonary affections in equines, diagnosis and treatment

Satish Kumar, Sunil Punia, Ravi Kumar and Pradeep Kumar
In equine Secondary bacterial respiratory infections are primarily initiated by viral disease, because viral respiratory infections impair and destroy respiratory defense mechanisms. The most common organisms associated with pneumonia in horses are opportunistic bacteria originating from the resident microflora of the upper respiratory tract. Clinical evidence of a secondary bacterial infection includes mucopurulent nasal discharge, depression, persistent fever, abnormal lung sounds, hyperfibrinogenemia, and leukocytosis. Secondary bacterial disease may result in mucosal bacterial infections or may produce more serious invasive disease such as pneumonia and pleuropneumonia. Streptococcus equi zooepidemicus is the most common opportunistic pathogen of the equine lung, although Actinobacillus equuli, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Escherichia coli, Pasteurella spp, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are frequently isolated. S equi equi, the causative agent of strangles is a primary bacterial pathogen of the upper respiratory tract and is capable of mucosal invasion without predisposing factors. Rhodococcus equi is a primary pathogen of the lower respiratory tract of foals and produces pulmonary consolidation and abscessation. R equi pneumonia has been reported with a compromised immune system.
Pages: 85-88  |  600 Views  204 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Satish Kumar, Sunil Punia, Ravi Kumar and Pradeep Kumar. A review on pulmonary affections in equines, diagnosis and treatment. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(12S): 85-88.

Call for book chapter