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Vol. 10, Special Issue 12 (2021)

Agrotechniques for organic turmeric production and processing

Author(s):
Nilima Darekar, Adinath Paslawar and Anuradha Watane
Abstract:
Turmeric (Curcuma longa L) is the important spice crop of India known as golden spice. In India it is cultivated with an area of 2.45 lakh hectare with a production of 9.39 Lakh MT. In Maharashtra, it is cultivated with an area of 0.15 Lakh ha and production of 0.40 Lakh tonnes. India is the major producer and exporter of turmeric and earned a foreign exchange of 217.87 million $. The medicinal and cosmetic uses of turmeric are increasing significantly over the years. In the world, due to an increase in health consciousness peoples are mostly prefer organically produced products for daily consumption. Turmeric is a rhizomatous crop, requires heavy application of nutrients for boosting the yield. Being a long duration crop, it extracts lot of nutrients from the soil. After the enforcement of the green revolution in India, the use of chemical fertilizers for agriculture uses is increasing day by day. But in the present era, there is a extended use of chemical fertilizers which leads to cause of harmful effects. The use of organic manures in the agricultural plays a vital role in improving the quality of turmeric as well as improving the soil health. Turmeric is having a close relation with human health; hence demand of organically grown turmeric is increasing tremendously.
The organic manures are available in varied sources so there is a need for judicious and balanced use of these sources for improving productivity along with fertility. They have ability to improve balanced nutrition with efficient irrigation method ensures good crop growth and yield. It is important to understand that under an organic system weed will never be eliminated but only managed. Weed control in organic systems focuses on management technique designed to prevent weeds, as well as the production of crop having vigorous enough to out-compete weeds and reduce the availability of resources to the weeds. The main target of weed management in organic farming is to reduce the degree of direct control inputs and to bring about substantial yield improvement of the crop. Turmeric crop is highly prone to several fungal diseases. Eco-friendly disease management holds substantial importance in spice crop as most of them consumed as for direct spice purposes. Conventionally rhizomes were boiled in water which results less retention of curcumin content and essential oil. Processing time of turmeric rhizome is also very large in conventional system. Hence modification is done and improved system is developed for processing of turmeric. This system requires area small in size and less time required for the processing. The essential constituent of turmeric is curcumin which retain to higher value as compare to conventional system.
Pages: 256-266  |  1356 Views  1069 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Nilima Darekar, Adinath Paslawar and Anuradha Watane. Agrotechniques for organic turmeric production and processing. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(12S): 256-266.

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