Medical management of septic peritonitis in a dog
Venkatesakumar E, Jeyaraja K, Gopal K and Ramprabhu R
Four years old male non-descript dog was brought with history of anorexia, vomiting, abdominal distension and fever (40.2 °C), congested mucous membrane, tachycardia (168/min) and tachypnoea (88/min) on clinical examination. Haematological examination showed leucocytosis, neutrophilia and moderate anaemia. Serum biochemistry revealed elevated alanine aminotransferase, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine and reduced total protein and albumin. Abdominal ultrasound examination showed free fluid with more cellularity in peritoneal cavity. Around 600 ml of brownish in colour, viscid foul-smelling peritoneal fluid was removed by peritoneocentesis. Increased total cell count, alkaline pH, increased protein and specific gravity and sheet of neutrophils on sediment examination were observed in peritoneal fluid. Cultural examination of peritoneal fluid showed growth of Escherichia coli. Difference in glucose level of serum and peritoneal fluid was more than 20 mg /dl indicating septic peritonitis. Metronidazole 500 mg mixed with normal saline was irrigated in to peritoneal cavity for three days. The animal was treated with amoxicillin+clavulanic acid @ 12.5 mg/kg bid iv, furosemide @ 2 mg/kg bid iv, dextrose normal saline @ 10 ml/kg iv and ringer’s lactate @ 10 ml/kg iv for seven days. Liver tonics and haematinics were given. The animal showed uneventful recovery after treatment.
How to cite this article:
Venkatesakumar E, Jeyaraja K, Gopal K and Ramprabhu R. Medical management of septic peritonitis in a dog. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(12S): 42-44.