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Vol. 10, Special Issue 11 (2021)

The effects of ketamine-midazolam and isoflurane induction along with or without butorphanol premedication in birds

Author(s):
Ruchikkumar R Anjana, Pinesh V Parikh, Jalendra K Mahla and Divyesh N Kelawala
Abstract:
This study aimed to evaluate the comparative effects of ketamine-midazolam combination and isoflurane induction agents along with or without butorphanol premedication in birds. In this study, birds (N=24) were selected randomly and divided into 4 groups. In present study, ketamine-midazolam combination and isoflurane were used as induction agents, with and without butorphanol premedication in birds. All birds were maintained by isoflurane. Different physiological parameters were evaluated, namely, cloacal temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and SpO2 were recorded at 0, 10, 20 min. and at a recovery time. The quality of anesthesia was assessed on the basis of induction time & quality, analgesia, muscle relaxation, body reflexes, recovery time & quality, sitting, standing and complete recovery time. Shorter mean induction time was observed into ketamine-midazolam induction agents as compared to isoflurane agents. Quality of induction was observed to be excellent to the tune of 100% in the birds under Group-I. The mean±SE values of sitting, standing and complete recovery time was recorded to be lower in birds induced with isoflurane induction as compared to ketamine-midazolam combination, with the differences being significant (P<0.05) while comparing between Group-I vs. III and Group-II vs. IV.
Pages: 2788-2792  |  353 Views  152 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Ruchikkumar R Anjana, Pinesh V Parikh, Jalendra K Mahla and Divyesh N Kelawala. The effects of ketamine-midazolam and isoflurane induction along with or without butorphanol premedication in birds. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(11S): 2788-2792.

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