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Vol. 10, Special Issue 11 (2021)

Cost, returns and resource use efficiency in cauliflower production in Maharashtra

Author(s):
Kaveri Gosavi, Dr. HR Shinde and VR Bavadekar
Abstract:
The study viz. “Economics of production and marketing of Cauliflower in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra” was conducted in six villages of Sangamner and Akole tehsil of Ahmednagar district. The objectives of the study were to estimate the resource use, costs returns and productivity of cauliflower. Besides this marketing practices and patterns of disposal, marketing cost and price spread were studied. The problems faced by the farmers in production and marketing of Cauliflower in Ahmednagar district were also examined. The study was based on the primary data of cauliflower growers for the year 2019-20, spread over the six randomly selected villages of two tehsils. From each selected village, 15 growers, 5 from each size group viz. small, medium and large were randomly selected. Thus the total sample consisted of 30 farmers each of small, medium and large size groups.
The results revealed that the average per hectare use of resources such as human labour, machine power, seedlings and manure was 247.72 man-days, 14.82 hours, 32187.47 nos. and 32187.47 tonnes respectively. The average use of fertilizers was 152.15 kg nitrogen 76.69 kg Phosphorus and 81.22 kg Potash per hectare at overall level.
Per hectare cost of cultivation of cauliflower was estimated to ₹ 293529.68. Among the items of total cost, the rental value of land, human labour, manure, PPC, etc. were the major items of cost in the total cost of cultivation of cauliflower. The cost 'A' and cost 'B' were ₹ 146886.04 and ₹ 272874.90 respectively. The average production of 419.21 quintal per hectare of produce was obtained from cauliflower. The per hectare gross returns obtained were ₹ 724776.48 at the overall level with B: C ratio was 2.48 and profit at cost ‘C’ ₹ 431246.80.
Regression coefficient of seedling, female labour, manure, potassium, plant protection cost were positive and significant showing their impact on cauliflower production. At overall level, there was a large variation amongst farmers. The coefficient of multiple determination (R2) was 0.82. The MVP to MFC ratio was found to be highest in Potassium (47.58), followed by Plant protection charges (37.35), Phosphorus (23.44), Seedlings (17.90), Nitrogen (12.67), Female (2.58).
Pages: 1080-1085  |  486 Views  203 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Kaveri Gosavi, Dr. HR Shinde and VR Bavadekar. Cost, returns and resource use efficiency in cauliflower production in Maharashtra. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(11S): 1080-1085.

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