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Vol. 10, Special Issue 10 (2021)

Determination of geomorphological characteristics of asond watershed using GIS techniques

Author(s):
DR Patil, HN Bhange, BL Ayare, PM Ingle and MH Tharkar
Abstract:
A Watershed is an ideal unit for management of resources like land and water for mitigation of the impact of natural disasters for achieving sustainable development. It provides a powerful study and management unit, which integrates ecological, geographical, geological, and cultural aspects of the land. GIS technique is used to estimate the morphological characteristics of watershed. Delineation of watershed using GIS is mainly based on the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data. The study area, watershed, 510.76 ha was selected for study. The latitude 17º41' N and longitude 73º16’E are geocoordinates of Asond watershed which covered area 510.76 ha. Average annual rainfall of Wakavali is 2860 mm. Areal, linear and relief aspects of watershed were estimated. The parameters worked out includes Stream order, Stream length ratio, Bifurcation ratio, Basin length, Length of overland flow, Form factor, Circulatory ratio, Elongation ratio, Stream frequency, Drainage density, Constant of channel maintenance, Maximum relief, Relative relief, Relief ratio and Ruggedness number. 3rd order stream is trunk order. Total lengths of streams and total numbers of streams in each order are decreasing with increasing order. Bifurcation ratio for the watershed is 1.61. The form factor for the area is 0.44. From the value of elongation ratio 0.9, it is observed that the watershed is oval. The drainage density value for the basin area is 1.98 Km/Km2 that is basin is poorly drained. The study will be useful for the planning of watershed harvesting and groundwater recharge projects on watershed basis.
Pages: 1139-1143  |  327 Views  79 Downloads
How to cite this article:
DR Patil, HN Bhange, BL Ayare, PM Ingle and MH Tharkar. Determination of geomorphological characteristics of asond watershed using GIS techniques. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021; 10(10S): 1139-1143.

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