Vol. 9, Special Issue 9 (2020)
Dimensions of MGNREGA and its impact on Rural livelihood in Haringhata Block of West Bengal, India
Subhajit Roy and Arindam Ghosh
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was enacted to reinforce the commitment towards livelihood security in rural areas. The Act was notified on 7th September, 2005 and renamed as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on 2nd October 2009. The MGNREGA is a law that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’ and ensure livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. The objective of the study was to identify the status of women empowerment through MGNREGA and to find out the contribution of MGNREGA in environmental sustainability and mitigation of health hazard. The study was conducted in Maliadanga and Dighalgram villages of Fatepur and Nagarukhra 2 gram panchayats, West Bengal, India respectively. 25 respondents from each village selected randomly. Total number of respondent for the study was 50. The two dependent variables i.e. Thematic Approaches to Rural Empowerment (Y1) and Sustainable Environment Issues (Y2) and 15 independent variables were selected for the study. The scheme has helped to enhance ecological security, environmental sustainability and migration of health hazards to a great extent. The MGNREGA has been designed to balance between human action and natural resource creating a sustainable economic security. Some constrains have also been identified in the scheme. It is evident from the present study that necessary steps should be taken by the implementing agencies for future improvements.
How to cite this article:
Subhajit Roy and Arindam Ghosh. Dimensions of MGNREGA and its impact on Rural livelihood in Haringhata Block of West Bengal, India. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020; 9(9S): 42-48.