Vol. 9, Special Issue 8 (2020)
Systemic hypertension in diabetic dogs
Harneet Kour, Sushma Chhabra and CS Randhawa
The present study was conducted on the dogs presented to small animal OPD, Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab with signs of endocrinopathies. Fifty five Dogs with naturally occurring diabetes mellitus (DM) diagnosed were used in this study. DM was diagnosed by persistent marked hyperglycemia (plasma glucose >250 mg/dl) and glucosuria in dogs with clinical signs consistent with the disease. The study revealed that mean systolic BP was significantly higher in diabetic dogs (145.24 ±1.82 mmHg) when compared to normal dogs (123.6±1.37 mmHg) and the prevalence of systolic hypertension (systolic BP >150 mmHg) was 30.91 per cent (17/55 cases). The highest recorded systolic BP was 177 mmHg in 1 dog. The mean diastolic pressure was significantly higher in diabetic dogs (97.29±1.2 mmHg) as compared to normal dogs (84.00±1.11 mmHg). The prevalence of diastolic hypertension (diastolic BP >95 mmHg) was recorded in 61.81 per cent (34/ 55) diabetic dogs. Diastolic BP exceeded 100 mmHg in 18 dogs, with the highest measurement being 121 mmHg. Both systolic and diastolic hypertensions were present in 13 dogs (23.64%). In the present study the severity of systolic hypertension, when considered as risk of target organ damage was mild in all dogs as blood pressure was less than 160 mmHg, but 7 dogs had moderate risk (B.P>160 mmHg) and one dog had severe risk of organ damage (BP>175 mmHg).
How to cite this article:
Harneet Kour, Sushma Chhabra and CS Randhawa. Systemic hypertension in diabetic dogs. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020; 9(8S): 38-41.