Vol. 9, Special Issue 8 (2020)
Measurements of normal joint angles using goniometer in Malabari goats in Kerala
Alphine Joseph, Lucy KM, Maya S, Tony Jose, Varsha V Kumar and Abhin Raj
The present study was designed to provide normal reference values of the forelimb and hindlimb joint angles of Malabari goats having one year of age from University Goat and Sheep Farm, CVAS, Mannuthy, Kerala. The measurements were taken from 30 clinically normal animals without any detectable musculoskeletal abnormalities. A standard goniometer was used to measure the maximum extension, maximum flexion and range of motion of the shoulder, elbow and carpal joints of the forelimb and hip, stifle and hock joints of the hindlimb. The goniometric values were measured by two independent investigators and the values were compared statistically. The values obtained were consistent and no significant difference were obtained between two investigators (p>0.05). Goniometer was found to be very effective for measuring the angles. The data obtained is useful as a basic data for the clinicians and surgeons.
How to cite this article:
Alphine Joseph, Lucy KM, Maya S, Tony Jose, Varsha V Kumar and Abhin Raj. Measurements of normal joint angles using goniometer in Malabari goats in Kerala. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020; 9(8S): 30-32.