The objective of the study was to identify subjects who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes in rural and urban area using Indian Diabetes Risk Score.
Design: The sampling design used for the study was 30 cluster multi-stage sampling. A total of 30 locations from Ludhiana district were selected. In the next stage of sampling 12 blocks were selected. From each block two villages (total of 24 villages) and 6 urban locations were selected in order to have a total random sample size of 529 subjects. Two modifiable (Waist circumference and physical activity) and two non-modifiable (Age and family history) factors were taken.
Setting: A cross sectional study.
Subjects: Men and women in the age group of ≥20 years participated in the study.
Results: 529 subjects were assessed for various risk factors of diabetes. Out of these 48% rural and 49% urban subjects were aged ≥50 years. Abdominal obesity was found in 49% rural and 48% urban subjects. About 37% rural and 66% urban subjects were found to have sedentary lifestyle. 83% rural and 89% urban subjects were found to have no family history of diabetes. The study identified that 64% rural and 69% urban subjects were at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes while 35% rural and 30% urban subjects were at moderate risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Conclusions: As large number of subjects are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, there is need to implement Indian Diabetes Risk Score in communities for large scale screening of diabetes so that we can aware people and prevent the disease at an early stage.