Lectin – An astonishing protein that is both a boon and a bane for humanity
Yash D Jagdale and Anupama Devkatte
Lectins are special kinds of protein molecules, which are carbohydrate-binding protein on the glycoproteins of the cell surface. Lectins vary structurally from each other and might be differentiated into a plant, animal, and fungi lectin. Besides causing toxicity to humans after consumption, further research suggests that they play a vital role as an anti-cancer, crop defense agents, application in forensic serology, determination of blood group, immuno-modulation therapy, and many more. Since lectins show a varied application in several fields, more research work in terms of isolation of lectin from different sources as well as investigating their application or uses in many fields and sources is required. This analysis focuses totally on lectin structure, its various forms, specificity, mode of action in humans, application in various fields, their methods of isolation and purification, and eventually, their major negative health issues on human beings and the way avoidance of lectin diet can aid within the prevention of disease-associated. Thus, it is suggested that lectins can be used as a powerful weapon for various diseases as an anti-causative agent and might be used as an efficient pharmaceutical agent if more efficient research is carried out.
How to cite this article:
Yash D Jagdale and Anupama Devkatte. Lectin – An astonishing protein that is both a boon and a bane for humanity. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020; 9(7S): 136-145.